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CHAPTER TWO EXAMINATION QUESTIONS
I. Multiple choice
1. While thinking about and assessing a lesson recently taught, the teacher is in the ___ phase of decision-making and instruction.
2. As a teacher of young adolescents you need a large repertoire of teaching strategies from which you can draw in order to
(a) impress the principal
(b) cover the subject matter
(c) apply traditional techniques of teaching
(d) apply facilitating techniques of teaching
(e) adapt the most appropriate teaching methods to specific situations
3. Locus of control is
(a) an algebraic law
(b) illegal in most states
(c) a natural means for pest control
(d) an important accountability concept
(e) the concept of student self-discipline
(f) the teacher’s assumption of en loco parentis
4. Although it is a discretionary instructional strategy, which one of the following is NOT a fundamental teaching behavior?
(d) using silence
5. The planning, monitoring, and evaluating of one’s own thinking, is called
(f) reflective listening
6. Which of the following theoretical origins of teaching style is most consistent with today’s theory of instruction and knowledge of how young adolescents best learn?
(e) none of the above
7. The concepts of withitness and overlapping are
(a) consequences for inappropriate student behaviors
(b) strategies for the inclusion of students who have special needs
(c) teacher skills for monitoring and supervising student behavior in the classroom
(d) strategies for simultaneously teaching content skills from several different subject areas
8. When a teacher’s behaviors are consistent with those expected of the students, the teacher is using properly a facilitating behavior known as
(e) data facilitation
9. In the opinion of the authors of Teaching Young Adolescents, a teacher’s professional responsibilities
(a) end at the completion of the school year
(b) are limited to those specified in the teacher’s contract
(c) end 15 minutes after school is out at the end of each school day
(d) are continuous throughout the active professional life of the teacher
(e) are limited to those activities that are planned and that occur within the teacher’s classroom
10. Research has shown that young adolescent student learning is related directly to the
(a) length of the school day
(b) length of the school year
(c) amount of time spent on the learning task
(d) quantity of homework given by the teacher
(e) amount and quality of time spent on a learning task
11. It is recommended that a teacher’s acceptance behaviors can be any of the following EXCEPT
12. After asking the students a cognitive question the teacher should
(a) encourage and allow students sufficient time to think before responding
(b) accept the first student response and move on to the next area of content
(c) expect an answer immediately
(d) call on a student immediately
(e) any of the above
(f) none of the above
13. When a teacher uses materials that are copyrighted, which one of the following is NOT allowed by law?
(a) make a single copy of an entire chapter from a book
(b) make a single copy of an entire magazine article
(c) make a single copy of one picture from a book
(d) make a single copy of an audio recording
(e) none of the above is allowed by law
(f) all the above are allowed by law
14. Bulletin board displays.
(a) in the middle grades classroom are a waste of time and space
(b) in the middle grades are best when done by groups of students
(c) in the middle grades should be created only by the teacher, not by students
(d) in the middle grades classroom, can serve important educational functions
(e) although useful for early grades teaching, are too limited and childlike for use in most middle grades classrooms
15. If while on a field trip at a location away from the school, a student continues behaving inappropriately, the student should be
(a) told to wait in a holding area until the group is ready to return to the school
(b) told to immediately return to the school by whatever means the student can find
(c) maintained in a holding area with one other student and until time to return to the school
(d) maintained in a holding area that is supervised by an adult chaperone and until time to return to school
16. The abbreviation signifying using a computer to assist in storing information about students, maintaining lists of resource materials, and an inventory of materials, is
17. Which one of the following statements about using guest speakers is TRUE?
(a) When you have an informative but noninspiring guest speaker, there is nothing you can do except delight when
the speaker has finished and left the classroom.
(b) No preparation of the students beforehand is necessary because guest speakers are usually informative and
inspiring for the students.
(c) Using a guest speaker should be carefully planned just as you would do with any other type of instructional
(d) None of the above is a true statement.
(e) All (a-c) are true.
18. Which of the following writing boards is made of rock?
(c) electronic whiteboard
(d) multipurpose dry-erase board
(e) none of the above is a board made of rock
19. The origin of the Internet was
(a) a project created jointly by Steve Jobs of Apple Computer and Bill Gates of Microsoft
(b) a project originally developed by the military for the war in Iraq
(c) a Department of Defense project called ARPANET
(d) a joint project of IBM and Xerox corporations
(e) the Ethernet
(f) none of the above
20. Exclusive legal rights that apply to an original, created work—such as a computer software program, photograph, poem, or work of art—are referred to as
(c) fair use
(f) infringement property
21. The fair use provision of copyright law permits teachers, under certain circumstances, to
(a) include a copyrighted work in a course packet for several years
(b) use a limited excerpt of a copyrighted work for classroom instruction
(c) make more than one copy of a purchased computer software program for class use
(d) duplicate a portion of a copyrighted work for distribution to other teachers for their
(e) do none of the above
(f) do any of the options a-d
22. The global communication network that allows for world-wide connection of computers is known as the
23. By organizing your board writing during instruction, and by writing only key words and simple diagrams, rather than complete and lengthy sentences and extensive and complicated diagrams, you are more likely to
(a) stimulate left brain learning
(b) stimulate right brain learning
(c) really irritate many of the students
(d) stimulate engagement of both brain hemispheres
(e) omit important points that students consequently will miss
24. During the preactive phase of any instruction that involves the use of media, it is important to plan carefully so that in the eventuality of equipment failure
(a) you can quickly pick up the lesson so there is no loss of content continuity
(b) you do not do anything that will cause permanent damage to the equipment
(c) there is no dead time where students sit idly waiting for something to happen
(d) all the above
(e) none of the above (a-c)
25. A collection of instructional materials that includes more than one type of medium and that is organized around a theme or topic is called a
(b) media center
(c) multimedia kit
(d) teacher’s closet
(e) power computer
(f) CLV formatted laser disk
26. Which one of the following is a FALSE statement?
(a) You may make one copy of your multimedia production to give to another teacher.
(b) To other teachers, you may display your own multimedia production that uses copyrighted material.
(c) Following copyrighted guidelines you may use portions of copyrighted works in your own multimedia
(d) You may distribute your own multimedia production over any electronic network but only after you have
received express permission from holders of any copyrighted material you used for the production.
27. A national network that is devoted exclusively as a clearinghouse for providing access to information and research in education is known as
(g) the Internet
28. Which of the following is an important consideration when preparing any visual display for use in instruction?
(d) educational value
(e) all of the above are important considerations
(f) none of the above (a-d) is an important consideration
29. Before using any audiovisual material for instruction, you should review the material and ask yourself (and perhaps members of your teaching team)
(a) will the material effectively lend to student learning of the intended objective?
(b) is the material suitable for the maturity and age level of the students?
(c) is the material well prepared?
(d) all of the above
(e) none of the above (a-d)
30. When an overhead projector is moved further away from the screen, the image on the screen becomes
(a) larger and less brilliant
(b) larger and more brilliant
(c) smaller and less brilliant
(d) smaller and more brilliant
(e) none of these is correct
1. Indirect instruction is a strategy within the access mode of instruction.
2. When a teacher voices judgment about a student’s response to a cognitive question, the teacher is using a tactic within the facilitating mode.
3. The authors of Teaching Young Adolescents posit that to be most effective today’s middle level teacher must be eclectic in teaching style.
4. Teaching involves the changing of the learner’s perceptions.
5. Humor when teaching young adolescents is not productive and should be avoided.
6. Praise, positive reinforcement, and encouragement are terms all meaning the same thing.
7. As used by the authors of Teaching Young Adolescents, facilitative teaching is based more on behaviorism than it is on constructivism.
8. When there is conflict between what a teacher says and what the teacher communicates nonverbally, the teacher’s verbal communication has greater impact on student learning.
9. Advising, guiding, and counseling students are among the professional responsibilities of every middle level classroom teacher.
10. During a semester an effective middle grades teacher can expect to work an average of more than 40 hours per week.
11. When a teacher returns marked homework promptly, by that promptness the teacher is demonstrating modeling behavior.
12. Facilitating teacher behaviors are different from discretionary instructional strategies in that facilitating behaviors are necessary if the intended learning is to occur, while discretionary strategies are not necessary.
13. Research clearly demonstrates that student-centered instruction is better for young adolescent student learning than is instruction that is teacher-centered.
14. Whereas exemplary teachers assume responsibility for the instructional outcomes, regardless whether or not the outcomes are as intended, teachers who are less exemplary tend to accept credit for positive outcomes but place blame elsewhere for negative outcomes.
15. To remain most effective you must learn to forget about your teaching job at the close of each school day.
16. The classroom of students, a writing board, and textbooks are all that a teacher of young adolescents today should need to be an effective teacher.
17. During a school year a teacher may copy an unlimited number of class sets of copyrighted printed materials without permission as long as the materials are used for educational purposes.
18. For middle grades teaching, except for impressing the school principal, spending time preparing a classroom bulletin board is a waste of time.
19. Field trips are a sometimes dangerous and usually inefficient instructional strategy.
20. The World Wide Web was created jointly by the United States and the former Soviet Union.
21. Although useful for teaching children in the early grades, learning centers are inappropriate for use in the middle grades.
22. Unless otherwise noted, material that is found on the Internet should be considered as copyrighted.
23. By definition guest speakers in the classroom are motivating and informative.
24. Legally you cannot show your students a videotaped program taken from a premium cable channel without first obtaining expressed permission from the cable network.
25. Legally it is okay to make one replacement copy from a backup copy of a copyrighted computer software program.
26. With an overhead projector you can show only objects and materials that are transparent.
27. A disadvantage of using an overhead projector is that room lights must be turned off.
28. Students should not be allowed to use the overhead projector.
29. ERIC is a global communications network that allows the worldwide connection of computers.
30. Any material that the teacher obtains free is okay to use for instruction.