Fundamentals of Taxation 2014 7th Edition Cruz Test Bank

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Fundamentals of Taxation 2014 7th Edition Cruz Test Bank

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Chapter 02
Expanded Tax Formula, Forms 1040A and 1040, and Basic Concepts

True / False Questions

1. The federal individual income tax returns are the 1040ES, 1040A and 1040.

True False

2. The tax code defines adjusted gross income (AGI) as gross income minus a list of permitted deductions.

True False

3. The amount of tax liability for a taxpayer depends on many factors, including the filing status of the taxpayer.

True False

4. A married couple can file a joint return only if both have earned income.

True False

5. A married couple in the process of obtaining a divorce cannot file a joint tax return.

True False

6. A taxpayer filing separately must show the name, address, and social security number of the spouse on the tax return.

True False

7. To qualify for head of household status, a taxpayer must maintain a household that is the principal place of abode of a qualifying person for more than half the year.

True False

8. A taxpayer can qualify for head of household even though his or her parents are living in a separate household from that of the taxpayer (assume all other requirements are met).

True False

9. If a taxpayer’s spouse dies during the tax year, the taxpayer must file as a qualifying widow(er).

True False

10. The exemption amount is subject to annual adjustment for inflation.

True False

11. The personal exemption for 2013 is $3,900.

True False

12. A taxpayer can be claimed as a dependent on another return and still he or she can claim a personal exemption on his or her tax return.

True False

13. To be claimed as a dependent, a person must be a qualifying child or a qualifying relative.

True False

14. A qualifying child does not have to meet the support test in order to be claimed as a dependent.

True False

15. A qualifying relative must be related to the taxpayer (as listed by the IRS), or be a member of the taxpayer’s household for the entire year.

True False

16. A taxpayer who either is 65 or older or blind can claim an additional standard deduction.

True False

17. The standard deduction in 2013 for a married couple, under 65 and not blind, is $12,200.

True False

18. In 2013, the additional standard deduction for a single taxpayer, who is 65 or older and not blind, is $1,200.

True False

19. Even if the total of the itemized deductions is lower than the standard deduction, a taxpayer should choose to itemize on his or her tax return.

True False

20. The tax tables stop at taxable income of $115,000.

True False

21. Most taxpayers make payments to the IRS through income tax withholdings and quarterly estimated tax payments.

True False

22. A taxpayer may request an automatic seven-month extension of time to file his or her tax return.

True False

23. An extension to file a tax return is an extension of time to file and an extension of time to pay.

True False

24. The maximum penalty for failure to file a tax return that is not due to fraud is 25%.

True False

25. The IRS can impose a 75% penalty on any portion of understatement of tax that is attributable to negligence.

True False
Multiple Choice Questions

26. A single taxpayer is 43 years old and has wages only of $16,000. Which is the simplest form this person can file?

A. 1040A.

B. 1040ES.

C. 1040.

D. 1040EZ.
27. A 35-year-old taxpayer with a dependent child and claiming head of household status has received $28,000 in alimony payments and earned wages of $46,000. Which is the simplest form this person can file?

A. 1040.

B. 1040A.

C. 1040ES.

D. 1040EZ.
28. A taxpayer is married with a qualifying child (dependent), but she has been living separate from her spouse for the last five months of the year. However, she paid for more than half of the cost of keeping up the household. Her spouse does not want to file jointly. What filing status must she use when filing her tax return? She wants to obtain the maximum legal benefit.

A. Single.

B. Married Filing Separately.

C. Qualifying Widow(er).

D. Head of Household.
29. The taxpayer’s spouse died at the beginning of 2012. He has no qualifying child. Which status should the taxpayer select when filing his tax return for 2013?

A. Single.

B. Married Filing Separately.

C. Married Filing Jointly.

D. Qualifying Widow(er).
30. A legally divorced taxpayer maintains a household for himself and maintains a separate household that is the principal place of abode of his dependent widowed mother. What filing status should he use when filing his tax return?

A. Married Filing Separately.

B. Single.

C. Qualifying widow(er).

D. Head of Household.
31. For tax purposes, marital status is determined as of the __________ day of the year.

A. first

B. third

C. last

D. None of the above
32. What was the amount of the personal exemption for 2013?

A. $3,800.

B. $3,900.

C. $3,950.

D. $3,650.
33. Tina is 21 years of age and a full-time student living with her parents. She had wages of $680 ($70 of income tax withholding) for 2013. Can Tina claim her exemption on her return even though her parents will claim her as a dependent on their tax return?

A. Tina and her parents can both claim the exemption.

B. No one can claim the exemption for Tina.

C. Yes, Tina can claim the exemption.

D. No, Tina cannot claim the exemption.
34. A taxpayer can deduct a(an) __________ amount from AGI for each dependent.

A. Exemption

B. Deduction

C. Itemized

D. Adjustment
35. Mirtha is 21 years of age and a full-time student living by herself. She had wages of $23,000 for 2013. Can Mirtha claim the exemption for herself on her tax return?

A. Mirtha’s parents can claim the exemption.

B. Both, Mirtha and her parents can claim the exemption.

C. Yes, Mirtha can claim the exemption.

D. No one can claim the exemption for Mirtha.
36. To be a qualifying child, the taxpayer must meet three general tests and five specific tests. Which one is not part of the five specific tests?

A. Gross income test.

B. Relationship test.

C. Residency test.

D. Special test for qualifying child of more than one taxpayer.
37. To be a qualifying child, the taxpayer must meet three general tests and five specific tests. What are the three general tests?

A. Relationship test, residency test and gross income test.

B. Support test, age test and relationship test.

C. Dependent taxpayer test, relationship test and citizen or resident test.

D. Dependent taxpayer test, joint return test and citizen or resident test.
38. To be a qualifying relative, the taxpayer must meet three general tests and four specific tests. Which one is not part of the four specific tests?

A. Relationship test or member of household test.

B. Age test.

C. Support test.

D. Gross income test.
39. For a qualifying relative to be claimed as a dependent, this person must either be related to the taxpayer, or be a member of the taxpayer’s household for the entire year. Select the relative who must be part of the taxpayer’s household for the entire year.

A. Mother.

B. Sister.

C. Cousin.

D. Son-in-law.
40. The taxpayer must provide over ________ of the qualifying relative’s support to be able to claim a dependency exemption.

A. 49%

B. 50%

C. 51%

D. 75%
41. Which of the following items would not be considered as support for a dependency exemption?

A. medical insurance premiums.

B. food.

C. clothing.

D. life insurance premiums.
42. Robert, Fred and Lucas are supporting their mother who lives in a separate apartment. Their contributions towards her support are 10%, 40% and 50%, respectively. In a multiple support agreement, who would be entitled to claim the mother as a dependent?

A. Robert.

B. Fred or Lucas.

C. Robert, Fred or Lucas.

D. None of the above.
43. The basic standard deduction in 2013 for a single taxpayer, under 65 and not blind, is:

A. $8,950.

B. $3,950.

C. $3,900.

D. $6,100.
44. The basic standard deduction in 2013 for a taxpayer, under 65 and not blind, filing married filing jointly is:

A. $11,900.

B. $12,000.

C. $12,200.

D. $8,950.
45. The basic standard deduction in 2013 for a taxpayer, 67 and not blind, filing head of household is:

A. $10,450.

B. $10,150.

C. $1,500.

D. $8,950.
46. When a taxpayer can be claimed as a dependent on the tax return of another individual, the basic standard deduction for the taxpayer is limited to the greater of (a) _______, or (b) the taxpayer’s earned income plus $350, but not more than the amount of the basic standard deduction.

A. $950

B. $900

C. $1,000

D. $350
47. Luisa’s parents can claim her as a dependent on their tax return. In 2013, her only source of income was a part-time job as a medical clerk where she earned $2,300 during the year. What is Luisa’s standard deduction?

A. $2,300.

B. $3,900.

C. $1,000.

D. $2,650.
48. Ed’s parents can claim him as a dependent on their tax return. In 2013, his only source of income was $1,050 of interest income received from Global Bank. What is Ed’s standard deduction?

A. $1,000.

B. $1,050.

C. $3,900.

D. $350.
49. What is the amount of the social security wage limitation for 2013?

A. $106,800.

B. $110,100.

C. $102,800.

D. $113,700.
50. What is the amount of the tax liability for a married couple having taxable income of $153,500? All answers should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

A. $38,375.

B. $30,446.

C. $30,233.

D. $23,025.
51. What is the amount of the tax liability for a single person having taxable income of $59,200? All answers should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

A. $8,900.

B. $8,880

C. $10,735.

D. $14,800.
52. What is the amount of the tax liability for a head of household person having taxable income of $87,573? All answers should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

A. $16,396.

B. $13,136.

C. $12,498.

D. $16,398
53. What is the amount of the tax liability for a qualifying widow(er) with a dependent child and having taxable income of $18,355? All answers should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

A. $1,836.

B. $2,331.

C. $2,149.

D. $1,864.
54. What is the amount of the tax liability for a qualifying widow(er) with a dependent child and having taxable income of $121,600? All answers should be rounded to the nearest dollar.

A. $25,234.

B. $22,258.

C. $30,400.

D. $27,665.
55. Failure to make required estimated payments will subject the taxpayer to a potential underpayment penalty plus interest. However, if the difference between the tax shown on the return and the amount of tax withheld for wages is less than _______, the taxpayer will not be assessed a penalty.

A. $1,250

B. $500

C. $850

D. $1,000
56. The interest charged by the IRS for the first three months of 2013 was:

A. 3%.

B. 5%.

C. 4%.

D. 6%.
57. John forgot to file his tax return by April 15. He did not file an extension. John finally filed his tax return on June 30 and had a remaining tax liability of $1,500. What is John’s failure to file penalty? Assume he made all his payments on time.

A. $375.

B. $225.

C. $233.

D. $300.
58. The failure to file penalty is ________ of the tax shown on the return for each month (or fraction of a month) the tax return is not filed, up to a maximum of 25%.

A. 0.25%

B. 0.5%

C. 5.0%

D. 5.5%
59. The IRS can impose a _______ penalty on any portion of understatement of tax that is attributable to fraud.

A. 25%

B. 75%

C. 50%

D. 5%
60. Criminal penalties only apply to:

A. Careless disregard for tax authority.

B. Willful failure to file a return.

C. Tax evasion.

D. b and c.

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