Biology Canadian Edition Brooker Widmaier Graham Stiling Hasenkampf Hunter Bidochka Riggs Test Bank

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Biology Canadian Edition Brooker Widmaier Graham Stiling Hasenkampf Hunter Bidochka Riggs Test Bank

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ISBN-10: 0071035478

ISBN-13: 9780071035477 978-0071035477

Chapter 04
The Principle and Structures of Cellular Organization
Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following are principles of the cell theory or cell doctrine?
A. All living things are composed of one or more cells.
B. Cells are the smallest unit of living organisms.
C. New cells come only from pre-existing cells by cell division.
D. Cells are the smallest unit of living organisms and new cells form from pre-existing cells by cell division.
E. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells are the smallest units of life, and new cells come only from pre-existing cells by cell division.

Bloom’s Level: Comprehension
Difficulty Level: Moderate
Section: 4.01
Topic: Cells (intro)

2. Which two cell scientists are credited with the formulation of the cell theory, also known as the cell doctrine?
A. Watson and Crick
B. Schleiden and Schwann
C. Schleiden and Hooke
D. Schwann and Jenner

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.01
Topic: Cells (intro)

3. This is a tool that enables researchers to study the structure and function of cells.
A. magnifying glass
B. microscope
C. tunneling assay
D. digital recording
E. differential centrifugation

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.01
Topic: Microscopy as a tool to see cells

4. With which type of microscopy would be best suited to observe a three-dimensional subcellular structure?
A. fluorescence microscopy
B. standard light microscopy
C. confocal microscopy
D. differential-interference light microscopy
E. transmission electron microscopy

Bloom’s Level: Comprehension
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.01
Topic: Microscopy as a tool to see cells

5. Which of the following reflects a primary difference between transmission and scanning electron microscopy?
A. Transmission electron microscopy has high resolution, but scanning electron microscopy does not.
B. Transmission electron microscopy shows contrast, but scanning electron microscopy does not.
C. Transmission electron microscopy has much higher magnification than scanning electron microscopy.
D. Transmission electron microscopy shows two-dimensional ultrastructure, while the scanning electron microscopy shows three-dimensional structure.
E. Transmission electron microscopy uses light as an illumination source, while scanning electron microscopy uses electron beams as an illumination source.

Bloom’s Level: Comprehension
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.01
Topic: Microscopy as a tool to see cells

6. Which of the following type of microscopy would be most effective in visualizing the fine structure of viruses and cytoskeletal filaments 10-25 nanometers in diameter?
A. standard light microscopy
B. phase-contrast light microscopy
C. transmission electron microscopy
D. darkfield light microscopy
E. differential-interference microscopy

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.01
Topic: Microscopy as a tool to see cells

7. Among those listed, which type of microscopy would provide the highest resolution?
A. phase-contrast light microscopy
B. scanning electron microscopy
C. Nomarski differential-interference light microscopy
D. confocal microscopy
E. fluorescence microscopy

Bloom’s Level: Comprehension
Difficulty Level: Moderate
Section: 4.01
Topic: Microscopy as a tool to see cells

8. Prokaryotes
A. lack a true nucleus.
B. lack true DNA.
C. use the cell membrane rather than ribosomes for making proteins.
D. contain numerous organelles.
E. are relatively benign cells incapable of harming organisms.

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.03
Topic: Prokaryotic cells have small genomes and proteomes and simple cellular organization

9. Which of the following structures distinguishes plant cells from animal cells?
A. chloroplast
B. nucleus
C. plasma membrane
D. golgi apparatus
E. mitochondria

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.04
Topic: Eukaryotic cells have complex genomes, proteomes, and internal organization

10. Which of the following is NOT true of prokaryotes?
A. They lack a membrane-bound nucleus.
B. DNA is located within the cytosol.
C. They have a simpler structure relative to eukaryotes.
D. They possess membrane-bound organelles.
E. They are relatively small compared with eukaryotes.

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.03
Topic: Prokaryotic cells have small genomes and proteomes and simple cellular organization

11. The cell wall is a common feature to
A. prokaryotic cells only.
B. plant cells only.
C. animal cells only.
D. prokaryotic and plant cells.
E. prokaryotic, plant, and animal cells.

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Moderate
Section: 4.04
Topic: Eukaryotic cells have complex genomes, proteomes, and internal organization

12. Plasma membranes are a feature of
A. all cells.
B. prokaryotic cells only.
C. eukaryotic cells only.
D. plant cells only.
E. animal cells only.

Bloom’s Level: Knowledge
Difficulty Level: Easy
Section: 4.04
Topic: Eukaryotic cells have complex genomes, proteomes, and internal organization

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